High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a condition that affects roughly 75 million, or 1 in 3, of adults in the United States. It occurs when the force of blood flowing through the arteries is too high, causing damage to the blood vessels and leading to various health problems.
Unfortunately, many people with high blood pressure do not experience any symptoms until it reaches a critical level. However, some people may experience certain symptoms that could indicate high blood pressure. Fortunately, if you start a search online today, you can learn more about the symptoms of high blood pressure and what you can do to manage it.
Headaches and Dizziness
One of the most common symptoms of high blood pressure is headaches. These headaches often occur in the morning and can be severe enough to wake you up from sleep. In addition, some people with high blood pressure may experience dizziness, lightheadedness, or vertigo.
Shortness of Breath
High blood pressure can cause shortness of breath, especially during physical activity. This is because the heart has to work harder to pump blood to the body, leading to fatigue and difficulty breathing. This symptom can also be a sign of a particular type of hypertension called pulmonary hypertension, which is an uncommon lung disorder.
High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels in the eyes, leading to vision problems such as blurred vision, double vision, or even vision loss. If you experience any sudden changes in your vision, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.
Bloating and Poor Urination Habits
Bloating occurs due to the fact that high blood pressure causes the kidneys to work harder than normal. As a result, they can’t filter out as much fluid from the body, leading to fluid buildup. Additionally, the increased pressure in the blood vessels can make it more difficult for urine to pass through, resulting in decreased urination.
Nosebleeds can be a symptom of high blood pressure. The force of high blood pressure can cause the blood vessels in the nose to burst and result in a nosebleed. The blood vessels in the nose are delicate and can easily rupture due to high blood pressure. It is important to monitor your blood pressure and consult a healthcare professional if you experience frequent nosebleeds or any other symptoms of high blood pressure.
Fatigue and Confusion
High blood pressure can cause fatigue and confusion, which can make it difficult to concentrate or perform daily tasks. This is because the brain may not be receiving enough blood and oxygen, leading to mental exhaustion and confusion.
When to Speak to a Doctor
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to speak to a doctor as soon as possible. High blood pressure can lead to serious health problems such as heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure if left untreated. Your doctor can perform a blood pressure test and other diagnostic tests to determine if you have high blood pressure and what treatment options are available. Treatment options may include lifestyle changes such as exercise, diet, and stress management, as well as medication to lower blood pressure.